Yosemite Native American basket maker - Leanna Tom, 1924 Leanna Tom a Yosemite - Mono Lake Paiute Native American Indian basket maker. Leanna was married to Bridgeport Tom, Paiute. She was the daughter of Captain Sam a Paiute American Indian leader. The photo was taken at Mono Lake, California by Edward Curtis, the famous photographer of American Indians. Leanna was a famous California Indian basket maker. Leanna and her family would move back and forth between Mono Lake and Yosemite. She spent most of her life around the Paiute indigenous areas along the 395 corrider along the eastern part of California.
Mono Lake, Jun 30 1913, showing the Tom and Parker family around Mono LakeIndian Census roll of June 30th 1913, showing the Tom family and the Parkers as Mono Lake Paiute Native Americans under the Bishop Indian agency. They would spend half of the year at Mono Lake and other eastern California Indian areas and the summer in Yosemite. Later around 1929, Yosemite National Park created housing for Indian employees and a few of Bridgeport Tom's children acquired housing there, but their families stayed in and around Mono Lake and other places around the eastern Sierra Nevada which were indigenous to the Paiute American Indians.
Mono Mary in Yosemite carrying wood - Yosemite Native American. One of the most recognized Indians in Yosemite during early times was Mono Mary, daughter of Captain John. In this photo Mono Mary is carrying wood. Yosemite - Mono Paiute life in early Yosemite. She has been falsely identified as a Miwuk, but there is no proof she ever was. The "Mono" identifier was by early Yosemite author Galen Clark who identified Mary.
Yosemite Native American - Nellie Jim-Charlie Yosemite Indian - Mono Paiute 1901Nellie Jim - Charlie, sometimes referred to as Nellie Young Charlie or Nellie Charlie. Nellie was the daughter of Captain Jim, a leader of Paiute people around Bridgeport, Hetch Hetchy and Mono Lake. The photo was taken as the Paiute group had just returned from collecting their own acorns, not trading as has been falsely written, from Hetch Hetch Valley. Nellie and her sister Tina were famous Yosemite - Mono Lake California Indian basket makers and won several awards during the Yosemite Indian Fields Days. In fact most of the winners were Mono Lake Paiutes. She and her sister, Tina, were married to Yosemite - Mono Lake Paiute Young Charlie, who some have falsely written he was was a "son of Miwok chief", which is not true.
Yosemite Native history - The Bill Family in Yosemite - Yosemite - Mono Lake Paiute Indians. The Bill family in Yosemite. Yosemite - Mono Lake Paiute Indians. The Bills were a family of Yosemite - Mono Lake Native American People who would camp in Yosemite Valley and the surrounding area. The majority of American Indian indigenous people in Yosemite in early times were Paiutes and a few Miwok people. Their daughters became some of the most famous basket makers of Yosemite and Mono Lake and their pictures are now in many of the Yosemite Native photos. They were also part of the Paiutes who entered Hetch Hetchy Valley before it was flooded and the O'Shaughnessy Dam built.
Yosemite Indian early photos - Piute Boy - Paiute Boy in Yosemite. An early steroview or sterograph of a Paiute Boy taken in Yosemite Valley leaning against an oak tree. Paiutes made up the majority of Native American Indians in Yosemite Valley.
Bridgeport Tom and Family in Yosemite Valley. Bridgeport Tom was a full blooded Piute or Paiute Native American who was a guide and scout in Yosemite during the early times in the infancy of Yosemite National Park. Bridgeport Tom was married to sisters named Leanna and Louisa. They were the daughters of Paiutes Captain Sam and Susie Sam. Like most of the early Indian American Indian families they would live in Yosemite and then move around Mono Lake. The Paiute Native people were hunter and gathers and were mobile. Yosemite - Mono Lake Paiute were indigenous to the Yosemite, Hetch Hetchy, Mono Lake and along the eastern side of the Sierra Nevada. The Tom family was one of the most famous California Indian basketmakers in the world. Their basketry is some of the finest in California during the early times of Yosemite. You can see some of their baskets in the Yosemite Museum marked Miwuk - Paiute, but that is incorrect. They were Paiutes. Paiutes during those early times were patriarchal.
Yosemite Native American Indian - Paiute girl holding tray ca. 1900 in Yosemite Valley. Young Paiute or Piute Native American basket maker in Yosemite Valley holding a tray, ca. 1900. The photo appeared in Sunset Magazine. Paiute people made up the majority of the indigenous Indian people of Yosemite. They worked in hotel laundry, they were maids and cooks for the early Yosemite settlers and tourists. In most of the Yosemite Indian Fields the majority of the winners of the California Indian basketry contests were Yosemite - Mono Lake Paiutes. Their baskets were some of the finest in the Yosemite and Mono Lake area and through out the state of California. They made the majority of the large baskets in the Yosemite Indian Museum. Some of the baskets are misindentified in Yosemite as Miwok/Paiute but they are really Paiute baskets. The park has to keep the illusion that the park was the homeland of the fabled Yosemite Miwoks. They were in fact Yosemite - Mono Lake Paiutes and some Yokuts.
Yosemite American Indian history - Eadweard Muybridge "Bucks on a log" Yosemite Valley ca. 1872. No. 1577 of the Eadweard Muybridge collection of photos he took of his trip to Yosemite. Eadweard Muybridge was a famous British photographer. This photo was taken around ca. 1872. Muybridge was a pioneer in the art of photography. The name of the photo is "Piute Bucks on a long" in Yosemite. Muybridge took a series of numbered photos of a Yosemite - Mono Lake Paiute camp in Yosemite Valley along the Merced River. We Paiutes put the photos in sequential order and the majority of Muybridge's photos can be seen on this website dedicated to the memory of Eadweard Muybridge and how he documented our people living IN Yosemite Valley. The Paiute people, indigenous to one of the famous parks in the world. You can view the photos in numerical sequence of PAIUTE American Indians in Yosemite on the net.
Yosemite Indian Captain Jim, Paiute, taken after his foray into Hetch Hetchy Valley 1901, taken by C. Hart Merriam on Aug. 21, 1901 after he and his group returned from picking acorns in Hetch Hetchy Valley. Captain Jim was a leader of the Bridgeport Paiute people. He was also part of the leadership amongst the Native American Paiutes living along the eastern side of the Sierra Nevada, like Mono Lake and Hetch Hetchy Valley. His group would travel to Hetch Hetchy to gather acorns and other food items. Later on they would travel throughout the Northern Yosemite area and visit the western side of the Sierra. Captain Jim's family is made up of some of the most famous California Indian basket makers throughout the state. His daughters baskets are a major center piece of the basket collection in the Yosemite Indian Museum. The majority of the basketry winners were from Mono Lake, Bridgeport, Bishop and other Paiute areas. He was the only Captain Jim the Yosemite area.
Yosemite Native Americans - Susie and Sadie McGowan in Yosemite Valley, ca. 1900, Paiutes. Photo of Susie McGowan sitting in the Yosemite Valley floor. She is holding her daughter Sadie McGowan in a Paiute cradleboard. The Paiutes made cradle boards out of willow. Susie is also in another famous photo of her carrying Sadie on her back in her cradle board. Yosemite - Mono Lake Paiute Native American Indians in Yosemite Valley. They were indigenous to the area.
Yosemite Indian early photos - Sadie McGowan - Paiute Indian, Yosemite California ca. 1900, Sadie McGowan, daughter of Susie McGowan in Paiute Indian cradle board also called baby basket. Yosemite - Mono Lake Paiute American Indian. Photo taken in Yosemite Valley ca. 1900. Paiute cradle boards were made of willow and very sturdy.
Lancisco Wilson was one of the earliest leaders of the Yosemite Indian people living in the park before its creation. Lancisco Wilson was related to Chief Dick. They had the same ancestor named Topay'nia or Tupee'nah. Lancisco Wilson died around 1885 as marked on his grave. Lately some of the Southern Sierra Miwuks have claimed that Lancisco Wilson was a "Yosemite Miwok", but as you can see for yourself by his own gravemaker, taken from his early grave, he was a PIUTE or Paiute Indian. We Native Americans are very proud of our ancestry and tribal identification. So before he died, Lancisco Wilson, during a time when many early white ethnologists were looking for the fabled "Yosemite Miwoks", Lancisco Wilson said he was a Paiute. That is why his grave is mark as such. Lancisco Wilson was an important figure in the history of the American Indian people in the Yosemite Valley, and his grave says it all.
Pony Express article stating that the Yosemite Native American Indians were Piute or Paiute Indians. The Pony Express Periodical that dealt with Gold Mining History and Western Pioneer accounts. The Pony Express was published from the town of Sonora in Tuolumne County and dealt with all aspects of Mariposa, Tuolumne and other mining areas, plus early pioneer life through out the west
Tom Hutchings, Yosemite - Mono Lake Paiute. Tom Hutchings was the first mailman in Yosemite. He also worked for James Hutchings' family. In Yosemite there are signs that falsely state that Tom Hutchings was a "Yosemite Miwok". That is not correct. There is also a book written by Yosemite NPS official Craig D. Bates that falsely states he was a Miwuk. There is no proof he was ever a Miwok, but in fact what you are viewing is the official documentation of Tom Hutchings from the Yosemite National Park's own Yosemite Research Library. As you can see it says Mono and not Miwok. This from the park services own library. In other older books and documentation Tom Hutchings was identified as a Mono Paiute. Yosemite National Park Service should have the correct tribal identification of the Native American Indian people in the park.
Photo of Jennie Charlie-Sam, Yosemite - Mono Lake Paiute. The photo shows that Jennie had set up to sell her beadwork and baskets in Yosemite Valley. Many Paiute Native American Indians used to sell their baskets and beadwork to tourists and the area was well known for the high quality Indian baskets made by Paiutes in and around Yosemite. During Yosemite Indian Field Days Paiutes made up the majority of the winning basket makers. The Paiute baskets were some of the best indigenous basketry in California and the world. Many can be found in the Yosemite Indian Museum. Many are mislabeled as Miwok/Paiute to give the impression that Yosemite was a Miwok area, but in fact the majority of Indians in Yosemite were Paiutes. Yosemite NPS official Craig D. Bates wrote in one of his books that Jennie's brother, Young Charlie, was a son of Miwuk chief. That is false. The Charlies were full blooded Paiutes. You can't write one sibling as son of Miwuk chief and then write that his sister as a full blooded Paiute.
Captain George "One Eyed" Dick's cabin in Yosemite. Chief Dick was as early chief of Yosemite Valley. He was related to Lancisco Wilson and they had the same ancestor named Topay'nia or Tupee'nah, which in the Paiute language means "Rock Chief" like the same famous rock formation located in Yosemite Valley. The photo shows his cabin with a nice wooden fence and acorn caches on the property. Chief Dick and his son Charlie Dick, who was born at Mono Lake, where the woodcutters and wood suppliers for the Yosemite residents and hotels. In the 1930s Chief Dick's son, Charlie Dick, said on the general census he was a "Piute" Indian, not Miwok. So this is the true story of the Native American Indigenous Indian people of Yosemite and in the area. In his writings, Yosemite NPS official Craig D. Bates, writes that Charlie Dick, son of Chief Dick, was Miwuk shaman, yet Charlie Dick was a "Piute" born at Mono Lake.
Yosemite Indian history - Jennie Charlie-Sam tradition and innovation. Jennie Charlie-Sam-Harrison, from a book stating she was a Mono Lake Paiute. In the same book written by Yosemite NPS official Craig D. Bates, he wrote that her brother, Young Charlie, was "a son of Yosemite Miwok Chief". Yet Jennie Charlie and Young Charlie's parents are both Paiutes. Native American Indian Paiute indigenous to Yosemite Valley and Hetch Hetchy. Bates also never explains which Yosemite Miwuk chief that was. That is false because both siblings Jennie Charlie-Sam-Harrison AND Young Charlie are both full blooded Mono Lake Paiutes with the same parents.
Yosemite Native people - South Dome Piute Indian Acorn Caches Yosemite. John P. Soule photo of South Dome - Piute or Paiute Indian acorn caches in Yosemite Valley. Yosemite Paiutes used to cache their acorns for storage and they were mainly high up on posts so that rodents found it hard to eat the acorns. Paiute Native American Indians made up the majority of the Indigenous people of Yosemite since recorded time.
Yosemite Native Americans - Paiute Maggie Howard demonstrating acorn preparation in Yosemite. Maggie "Taboose" Howard photographed preparing acorns in Yosemite Valley. Maggie Taboose Howard was the daughter of Paiute Kosano Sam. She was a full blooded Yosemite - Mono Lake Paiute Native American Indian woman. She was one of the most photographed and beloved indigenous women in the United States during her elderly life.
Yosemite - Mono Lake Paiute Taboose Howard on Cover of Yosemite Indians. Maggie "Tabuce" Howard in Yosemite Valley surrounded by baskets. Maggie Tabuce Howard was a Yosemite - Mono Lake Paiute Native American Indian woman, who was a one of the most well known and beloved Indian women in Yosemite. She demonstrated Indian basket making and food preparation for tourists in Yosemite Valley until her death. She was a full blooded Paiute and daughter of Kosano Sam. She was unceremoniously taken off of the cover of the "Yosemite Indians" book and replaced by a line drawing of a Miwok that looks suspiciously like the white Indian ethnologist the Yosemite National Park Service hired around the 1970s.
Yosemite Native people history - Paiute Maggie by the acorn caches. Maggie "Taboose" Howard a Yosemite - Mono Lake Paiute woman who was one fo the most well-known and respected California Native American Indian women. She was also one of the most photographed indigenous persons in the United States at one time. Here Taboose, which means nut grass seed in Paiute, was demonstrating acorn storage and preparation in Yosemite. She is next to a Indian acorn storage cache.
Yosemite - Mono Lake Paiute Maggie making acorn mush in Yosemite. Maggie "Tabuce" or "Taboose" Howard making Native American Indian acorn mush in Yosemite Valley. Maggie was a full blooded Yosemite - Mono Lake Paiute and the daughter of Kosano Sam. She was the first full time American Indian basket and food preparation demonstrator in Yosemite National Park. She would demonstrate to the tourists the indigenous lifestyle of the Yosemite area Native people.
Yosemite Native history - Maggie Taboose in Yosemite with baskets. Maggie "Taboose" Howard carrying a winnowing basket and a burden basket on her back. Taboose was one of the most well known and beloved Yosemite - Mono Lake Paiute women. She demonstrated basket making and Indian food preparation in Yosemite Valley. She is one of the most photographed Native American Indian women in the United States.
Yosemite Native Americans - Maggie Taboose Howard and family in Yosemite. Maggie Tubuce Howard and her family in Yosemite Valley during the early Yosemite Indian Field days. Maggie Tubuce Howard was one of the most recognized and most photographed Native American Indian women in the west. She was a full blooded Yosemite - Mono Lake Paiute indigenous person and well beloved by the staff and tourist in Yosemite. She was the daughter of Kosano Sam and demonstrated California Indian basket making and Native American Indian food preparation in Yosemite Valley.
Yosemite American Indians - Taboose grinding acorns or seeds in Yosemite. Maggie "Taboose" Howard photographed preparing acorns. She is lightly crushing them with a stone in a Paiute winnowing basket. Taboose name means Nut Grass seed in Paiute. She was a full blooded Yosemite - Mono Lake Paiute and the daughter of Kosano Sam. She spent most of her life demonstrating California Indian basket making and Native American Indian food preparation in Yosemite National Park until her death.
The Yosemite Native Americans - Maggie Tabuce Howard in Yosemite Valley. Maggie Tubuce Howard in Yosemite Valley. Maggie Tubuce Howard was one of the most recognized and most photographed Native American Indian women in the west. She was a full blooded Yosemite - Mono Lake Paiute indigenous person and well beloved by the staff and tourist in Yosemite. She was the daughter of Kosano Sam and demonstrated California Indian basket making and Native American Indian food preparation in Yosemite Valley.
Yosemite - Mono Lake Paiute Maggie Ta-bu-ce Howard in Yosemite. Maggie "Tabuce" Howard in Yosemite Valley surrounded by baskets. Maggie Tabuce Howard was a Yosemite - Mono Lake Paiute Native American Indian woman, who was a one of the most well known and beloved Indian women in Yosemite. She demonstrated Indian basket making and food preparation for tourists in Yosemite Valley until her death. She was a full blooded Paiute and daughter of Kosano Sam. Some of the finest California Indian basket making came from the Paiute people indigenous to the Yosemite and Mono Lake area.
Mary Johnson-Wilson, wife of Frank "Hooky" Wilson. Frank Hooky Wilson, a Chukchansi Yokut, was the chief of now defunct Merced Falls Indian Reservation which was located just outside the city of Merced California on the border between Merced and Mariposa counties. They acquired the reservation by signing the Fremont Treaty in 1851, just before the Mariposa Battalion led by James Savage entered Yosemite to capture Paiute Chief Tenaya and his band. That was the first time a group of whites had entered Yosemite Valley and was the supposed "discovery" of Yosemite Valley. Mary Wilson's mother was Heck-ko-pah a Chukchansi Yokut woman and her father was a white man named Johnson. After the Merced Falls Reservation was dissolved the Wilsons moved around the Merced and Mariposa area. Later some of her children and other family members went to work in Yosemite Valley. Some Yosemite National Park officials, like Craig D. Bates, have written that she was a Yosemite Miwok, which is not true.
Yosemite Native American Piute Indian Doctor in Yosemite Valley California. Old sterograph photo of a Paiute Indian shaman in Yosemite Valley California. Titled "no.49 Piute Indian Doctor" this is one of the historical photos of early Yosemite Indian life. Paiutes believed in the power of their medicine men and no doubt the same was true of the Paiutes in Yosemite. An early photographer documented a Paiute 'doctor' in Yosemite Valley in one of the earliest photos of early Native American life in Yosemite. Many tribes throughtout California and the Great Basin had medicine men. It was part of the daily life of the Native American Indian indigenous people.
1929 - Paiute Indian census for the Bishop agency. On this census it shows Agnes Castro AND Young Charlie, both Paiutes under the Bishop agency. Even though Anges lived on the western side with her husband she was counted as a Paiute and under the Bishop Paiute agency. Later on Craig D. Bates, a white man, wrote as Yosemite National Park Services ethnologist that both Agnes Castro and Young Charlie were Yosemite Miwoks, which is completely false as you can see for yourself. Bates knew of these Indian census rolls but instead of writing they were Yosemite-Mono Lake Paiutes Bates wrote and implied they were Miwoks. You can also see the other Indian census rolls showing the truth.
June 30th 1927 - Paiute Indian census for the Bishop agency. On this census it shows Bridgeport Tom and his family living at Mono Lake and under the Bishop agency as Paiutes. They would enter Yosemite, like the majority of Indians, and work in the park. After the season they would return back to Mono Lake like Paiutes had done for eons. The Mono Lake Paiutes, the original Native Americans of Yosemite, would enter Yosemite like they have before the whites had entered the area, until the U.S. government took control of Yosemite and turned it into a park. Later the park service created an Indian village and many of the Toms went to live there year round, but they still held ties to Mono Lake, like Yosemite...their traditional home land. Many of the elders of the Tom family stayed around Mono Lake and other Paiute areas until their deaths. The family was one of most well known Paiute basket makers in the area, California and throught out the world. Add your comment
June 30th 1927 - Paiute Indian census for the Bishop agency. On this census it shows famous Yosemite - Mono Lake Paiute California Indian basket maker Lucy Telles and her family. She was one of the most famous Native American Indian basketmakers in the world. Her legacy is the legacy of the basketry of the Paiute people from Mono Lake. Many of her baskets are in the Yosemite National Park Indian Museum mislabeled Miwuk/Paiute. Also shown on the census is Jack Parker's children from his marriage to Lucy Tom-Telles
June 30th 1927 - Paiute Indian census for the Bishop agency. On this census it shows Paiute Hazel Hogan and her daughter who she later named Helen. Hazlel was married to a "Digger" Indian and was adopted by Lucy Telles. Hazel had been an orphan from around Mono Lake. On the census it states that Hazel was 1/2 Indian.