Besides the entrance with the reducer set to the smallest opening, provide an additional exit/entrance for your hive. If the lower entrance gets snowed in, this will be the backup entrance. This also provides additional ventilation. CAUTION! Wear your veil when you start drilling into your hive! We did not at first. You can cork this opening later, but we left it all year and it was fine. Remove any supers at this time. If you are feeding sugar solution, time to stop.
On top of the inner cover place a square of insulation. Cut the square a little smaller than the telescoping cover so there's still some ventilation. Verdict is out - some like to insulation, others don't. We did.
Put a piece of duct tape over the area of insulation that is exposed to the hive through the holes in the inner cover. Keeps the bees from chewing on the insulation.
Wrap a piece of tar paper all the way around the hive ... like you are wrapping a present.
Nail on a long shim along the seam to hold the tar paper in place.
Again, fold the top like a present. The square of insulation is under there.
Place the lid over the wrapping.
Use a carpet knife to cut a small opening where the new upper entrance is located. Note: Beekeeper is wearing no veil.
Nail small shims by the upper and lower entrances so the tar paper stays flat against the hive. Note: Newly stung beekeeper is now wearing a veil.
When the sun comes out, the bees will be busy.
See ya' next spring! Check the hive after a snowfall or an ice storm and remove any snow/ice that is blocking the entrances.