The Aesthetics of Mapping I - Forum participants will discuss their views on the aesthetics of mapping from a variety of disciplinary perspectives.
Beyond Map Layout and Design … Aesthetics? - George F. McCleary, Jr, University of Kansas
In 1965, Balchin and Coleman suggested that “Graphicacy Should be the Fourth Ace in the Pack.” Since then, waves of cartographic research have examined the communication characteristics of maps, moving from perceptual (psychophysical) studies to aspects of cognitive research. Studies involving the information processing of map structure and design have given scant attention to similar ventures in other fields. These, particularly work in the design of books, posters, and advertisements, provide ideas for organizing the graphic structure of maps … all take advantage of concepts in cognitive psychology (Malamed 2011). The more complex the research problem, the greater the understanding required about cognitive processes. Has there been resolution of the many issues involved in map use … do we understand clearly enough the complex relationships among graphic, cartographic, and geographic l
Johannes Moenius - Spatial Economic Analysis–University of Redlands
Elijah Meeks - Digital Humanities, Stanford University
Lillian Larsen - Religious Studies, Univ of Redlands & Steve Benzek - US Army Geospatial Center
Style and Taste - Mark Denil, National Ice Center
The Aesthetics of Mapping II, Multnomah, Thursday late morning
These days, style and taste are problematic and highly contested terms. Problematic or not, however, they represent elements critically important to someone making what he or she very much hopes are useful, usable, and desirable maps. What do these terms mean, and more specifically, what do they mean in a cartographic context? As we know, our ability to recognize, read, and make use of maps is predicated upon a schema of mapicity we receive from the interpretive communities to which we belong. It is our familiarity with the schema, and our facility with selecting, manipulating, and employing the parameters and conventions attendant upon the schema, that make us great map makers and/or sophisticated map readers. Taking what we know about the central role played by schemas of mapicity in allowing a map reader to recognize, employ, and judge a map, we should be able to reach
The Impotence of Maps, or Deconstructing the Deconstruction of their Construction - Daniel “daan” Strebe, Mapthematics LLC
As mapmakers we are invested in the importance of our craft. We bemoan the tragic state of geographic and map literacy and advocate better education. Names like Robinson, Harley, and Wood have asserted the great power of maps. Are we guilty of seeing everything as a nail because we make hammers? In this rhetorical presentation, I argue for humility in our endeavor, recognizing that many people simply do not need maps. They meet their wayfinding needs using other efficient, utilitarian skills and devices. Could we improve our map designs for those who do use maps by disregarding the (non)needs of those who do not?
It’s Gone Viral: The Evolution of Online Persuasive Maps - Ian Muehlenhaus, University of Wisconsin–La Crosse
Web maps have made it more feasible than ever for the public to design and disseminate maps. Such maps have many benefits for the public at large, particularly as regards PPGIS and community collaboration. One topic that has not been given much attention is online persuasive mapping. Persuasive maps – those designed to communicate a particular viewpoint over others – comprise a significant portion of maps in the world. Not only has the Web made such maps easier to make but it has reduced the cost of their distribution around the globe to virtually nothing. This paper represents an analysis of how persuasive map design is evolving on the Web, compares and contrasts their design to print exemplars, and lays out a plan for ongoing research concerning this topic.
Visualizing Demographic Change: Gentrification and Older Moms in Portland - Richard Lycan, Charles Rynerson, Portland State University
Like many US metropolitan areas, Portland is experiencing the return of affluent thirty-something families to the central city. The Population Research Center at Portland State University tracks such trends in part to inform the demographic research we do for school districts. We are fortunate to have access to geocoded data for births and school enrollment and thus are able to track demographic trends at a fine temporal and geographical level and to produce maps and animations showing change. This paper will show how we have used maps and animations to better visualize the gentrification process and how it has impacted school enrollment. Many of the locales that will be discussed in the paper are nearby the convention hotel and others can easily be reached by public transportation.
Re-Designing the Next Generation of Multi-Scale World Topographic Maps: A Changing Landscape - Damien Demaj, Esri
Topographic maps have been an integral part of the cartographic landscape since the late 1600’s. These iconic representations of our topography have formed the backbone of many government and military map programs. They have also been a valuable tool for those who explore the outdoors, mine for minerals, fight fires, or plan for conservation (to name a few). Esri launched an online multi-scale World Topographic map service in July 2009. The map is Esri’s flagship community map, whereby hundreds of communities a year contribute their authoritative GIS data to the project. Recently the map has undertaken a significant redesign to accommodate the way our users are using online multi-scale web maps. This talk will outline the design objectives, the process of design, the key stages of conceptualization and research, and the added complexity of designing for a world-wide co
Esri Map Services and ArcGIS.com: A Successful Implementation - Keith Massie, David Renz, City of Medford GIS
Over the past three years, we have built a robust set of map services and have successfully partnered our map services with ArcGIS.com to build several web maps. Each map service represents a different layer of information such as streets, tax lots, or city limits. With over 160 map services deployed, and over 25 web maps online, the city has embraced the utility and time saving features of web map services. This presentation will detail where we are, how we got there, and our future plans. We will start with a brief introduction to map services and web maps, and the process for creating them. We will conclude with a brief outline of our future plans, including requested enhancements.
Multi-Scale Mapping using ArcGIS 10.1 - David Watkins, Esri
Maps do not duplicate reality but, rather, represent a manageable, scaled version of it. This is apparent in both digital and print cartography. Web-enabled multi-scaled maps are in increasing demand and require the seamless depiction of data over a wide variety of scales. In print cartography, it is cost- and time-effective to produce multi-scaled products from a single database. Being able to render data effectively at a variety of scales is imperative, but to do so many features must be transformed somewhat to retain clarity and characteristic form when displaying smaller scales. Cartographic tools available in the ArcGIS 10.1 geoprocessing framework to support multi-scaled workflows will be discussed with respect to this goal.
Mapping the Sanctuary of the Great Gods - Michael Page, Emory University
Located on the island of Samothrace in the Northern Aegean, the Sanctuary of the Great Gods was an important Hellenic and pre-Hellenic religious sanctuary. The site has been subject to several archaeological expeditions that have left both positive and negative impacts on the site. As part of a recent expedition surveying the site the presenter discusses new methods being used in both data collection and processing and explains how data and information about the site will be distributed over the Internet to inform future research and learning. It is through an amalgamation of hypermedia, CAD, GIS, 3D modeling, and cartographic representation techniques that the project seeks to analyze, document, and communicate the convergent research of both recent and past expeditions while exemplifying future directions in interdisciplinary inquiry. Issues in data collection, interoperability, and archiving will also be discu
New Moments in Mobile Spatial Applications: The Commoditization of “Location” and Teleological Red-lining - Jim Thatcher, Clark University,
This talk presents preliminary research findings from a series of interviews with mobile navigation application designers and developers. It suggests that as mobile spatial applications extend human awareness beyond the limits of the body they do so only through programmatically defined space(s). The talk uses recent examples of “personalized” GPS applications to present the possibility for private corporations and individuals, using private data and algorithms, to select what areas of a city are rendered visible and invisible. “Location” becomes disassociated from physical location and commoditized as traffic patterns through cities are continually bid for, bought, and sold. The talk also engages “alternative” mapping applications. Interviews with the designer of Drift is contrasted with the motivations found in Microsoft Research
Augmenting Yosemite’s Paper Maps - Richard Tinnell, Pennsylvania State University
To best serve users that are familiar with using paper maps but also comfortable and interested in mobile applications, this project will investigate the use of augmented maps. In Yosemite National Park, augmented maps can be used to enhance the viewer’s navigation experience by adding data to the traditional paper maps of the park instead of replacing them with a mobile app. Using printed data markers such as QR codes placed on NPS maps, a smartphone can be used to identify the precise map the visitor is studying, display the exact location of the visitor and current news and events in the park, and offer the visitor additional choices of content not shown on the printed map. The background shown on the screen is the paper map as seen through the phone’s camera while the augmented content options overlay the original paper park map. The combined analog and digital experience will allow Yosemite Na
Lechuguilla Cave Exploration: Mapping the Fourth Longest Cave in the United States - David Lambert, National Speleological Society
Since 1986, more than 130 miles of passages within Lechuguilla Cave have been surveyed and mapped, mostly by volunteer cavers. On an eight-day underground expedition in May 2012, cavers added over a mile to this length with the discovery of never-before-seen passages, pits, and large rooms, which they called collectively, “Oz.” Find out first-hand the many obstacles these cavers had to overcome in mapping the unknown and what it takes to produce a cave map.
Fire Mapping - Emmor Nile, Oregon Department of Forestry
Each year an average of 40,000 wild land fires burn in the United States. Many of these fires burn for days or weeks and are managed by Incident Management Teams operating under the Incident Command System. Within this structure GIS Specialists work to create map products for use by firefighting resources. It is critical that maps produced for fires are current, complete, and delivered in a timely fashion. Often field intelligence is not received until two hours or less before maps must be duplicated for field use and large briefing maps plotted. This presentation will show what goes into cartographic support of fires, how data is acquired, and mapping standards for fires.
Left Off the Map–The Consequences of Spatial Segregation - Tim Stallmann
What happens when some members of a community are excluded from decisions which impact everyone? Maps encode decisions about who has access to municipal water and sewer, where schools are located and who attends them, where landfills and wastewater treatment plants are located, and how political representation works. In some parts of the country, majority-people-of-color communities are systematically “left off the map.”
Revealing Landscape Values in the Bad River Watershed - Carl Sack, University of Wisconsin–Madison
This talk will present online participatory mapping (OPM), or the public, collaborative synthesis and presentation of volunteered geographic information to support the goals of a community. It will center on a case study being conducted in the Bad River Watershed of Northern Wisconsin as an ongoing master’s thesis project. I will describe the project and demonstrate the use of an online participatory mapping application, or wikimap, designed to capture local knowledge and landscape values in the watershed. The application, scheduled for beta release in September, will initially be monitored with interaction logging tools that assess which interactions supported by the wikimap are most frequently applied by its users, revealing participation patterns that will be useful for the future design and development of similar wikimaps. A final focus group study will evaluate the impact of the
The Un-App: Designing and Layering PDF Maps for Field Use - David Kraiker, US Census Bureau–New York Regional Office
Neither paper map, nor web-based, nor app–PDF maps can be a unique hybrid solution for getting maps to people in the field. PDFs can also be created and tailored to be used exclusively in a digital setting. Yet most people design maps to be printed on paper, and then convert to a PDF. In the Census Bureau's New York Regional Office, using ArcGIS, PDF maps are created primarily to be used on-screen; this means that the concept of nonpaper, nonweb-based must always be kept in mind. Our “clients” must be trained to use the Adobe Reader functionality–something which takes very little time--and apprised of improvements on PDF images. This presentation is intended to give you a look into the evolution of how we developed the maps, the problems we encountered, and some design considerations we had to make in order to accommodate our audience.