Bird's-eye view of Port au Prince
IDP camp in Port au Prince
Dusk in Port au Prince
Motorcycles are the fastest, and probably most dangerous, way to get around the city. I saw two motorcycle accidents during my last 3-week visit.
Downtown Port au Prince (summer 2010)
Non-functioning public toilets
IDP camp toilets in downtown Port au Prince
Jedco is one of the main desludging companies in Port au Prince
Water trucking, a very expensive form of transporting water, continues as a thriving business in Port au Prince
Nick and Sasha from SOIL (www.oursoil.org). SOIL works to improve sanitation in Haiti while also transforming human waste (i.e. feces) into a resource.
In January 2011, SOIL was providing composting toilet services for 22,000 people (29 sites, 8 of which are schools)
IDP camp WASH facilities managed by SOIL
IDP camp water system
SOIL has developed strong relationships with camp managers and is employing staff to manage camp toilets.
Water and Handwashing systems must be locked down to ensure they don't walk away
Paid WASH facilities attendant
A SOIL employee
Sasha checking in on the 15-gallon sealable container that collects the feces (urine is diverted into a soak pit)
SOIL is converting many of the portable toilets, such as these, into composting toilets
This is your average (actually, well functioning) interior of a portable toilet -- not a pleasant smell.
Here's a portable toilet that SOIL has converted into a urine diverting composting toilet
Standard composting toilet set-up
15-gallon sealable container collecting feces
Trap door to remove container
After each use, the user must add a carbon-based bulking agent. In most cases SOIL uses a sugar cane by product called bigas
Full container (~50 lbs) waiting to be transported to SOIL's composting site
SOIL's truck used to transport containers to the composting site
SOIL's central composting site
SOIL is implementing several controls -- covers to keep animals out and a roof to prevent rain from entering the compost -- to improve the site.
Nick checking out the stored compost, which is designed for thermophilic composting, i.e. hot temperatures (above 50C)
Chickens searching for snacks in the composting pile
SOIL is testing the use of the compost on agricultural lands
The 15-gallon sealable containers are numbered so that they can be linked up to the camp where they came from. The containers are cleaned with a strong chlorine solution
SOIL implements strong hygiene controls for their workers -- here, one employee is having his shoes washed off with a strong chlorine solution
Label for Deep Springs International drinking water treatment product, Gadyen Dlo'
DSI provides entrepreneurial education to expand the Gadyen Dlo water treatment system. Their goal is to transition communities and safe water programs from aid dependency to independent self-sustaining programs.
Michael Ritter, the National Program Officer/CEO, stands behind 55-gallon drums where 40-gallon batches of water treatment chlorine solution are produced
In January 2011, an estimated 38,000 households (~190,000 people) had a Gadyen Dlo water treatment system -- a bucket with spigot and chlorine product .
Deep Springs International Program Coordinator describing the chlorine production process
Charcoal being prepared to be sold (Artibonite Department)
Cooking outdoors (Artibonite Dept.)
Improved cookstove in a new resettlement site home
Rural household toilet in the Artibonite Dept.
An estimated 10% of the rural population has access to improved sanitation -- nearly 50% of the rural population engages in open defecation
Several complex water treatment systems have been given to communities. From what I could gather, no clear roles and responsibilities had been developed for managing these systems.
USAID/OFDA WASH advisor, Trevor White, considers how long this water treatment system - provided by an NGO - will last and if the communities will have the capacity to find parts and repair it once it breaks down.
One household in Artibonite had started to prepare the pit for their pit latrine.
Communities being trained on how to prepare oral rehydration solution
Please taste the homemade ORS!
Salty, but not bad...
Not so sure he wants to taste the homemade ORS. The water to make this was from a hand-dug well and was only treated with chlorine about 10 minutes ago.
Community health center near St. Marc. This center saw lots of cholera patients during the early phases of the epidemic
Handwashing system set up outside of the health center
New sanitation systems (ventilated improved pit latrines) at the health center
Toilet bowl designs varied
This toilet facility served a school and a church
I wasn't sure if the short toilet bowl was for children or if it was a urinal
IOM cholera-related distribution event -- communities receive education, soap, ORS and chlorine product.
People were lined up to collect their free water, treated with a very complex water treatment system. Sustainability of these systems is questionable.
Chef de village talking to us about the 6,000 families that he works with.
Cholera-related distribution effort by IOM
Warehouse for cholera-related products
Cholera patient beds and chlorine stored for potential rise in cholera cases during the rainy season
An NGO, Viva Rio (www.vivario.org.br/) has been developing biodigester sanitation systems that produce biogas that can be used for cooking.
The biodigesters can function on effluent from water-based toilets or waterless toilets. In the case of waterless toilets, the toilets must be placed directly above the biodigester.
In downtown Port au Prince (Bel Air), Viva Rio operates a public toilet where they charge users 1 gourdes per use ($0.025USD per use). There are 10 toilets for males and 10 for females and the site receives about 150 users per day (almost $3.75USD/day). Viva Rio's intent is not for cost-recovery but for building demand for good WASH services.
Viva Rio uses the treated biosolids for growing plants in a nursery
Burning biogas produced from the waste from the public toilet
Viva Rio takes the treated water from the biodigester and channels it into tanks where tilapia are raised -- the fish feed of the algae-rich waters.
This is the biodigester tank (foreground) that receives wastewater from desludging trucks.
Viva Rio is helping to support some efforts to improve sanitation near the ports
Port au Prince Bay
Communities near the bay
Waterless portable toilets above a biodigester
This community is placed on a site that has been used for solid waste dumping.
This cholera treatment center uses a large plastic container to collect human excreta. Once full it will be pumped out by a private desludging company.
There were signs of lots of open defecation going on in this community near the bay
Semi-permanent resettlement camp in Tabarre
Semi-permanent resettlement home
Urine-diverting toilet bowl installed in new semi-permanent resettlement home
Toilet seat designed for small children
Trap door for collecting the composting toilet container. In January 2011, these semi-permanent homes were being designed to use urine-diverting composting toilets. In April 2011, it was reported that these systems are not functioning and may be posing a public health threat.
No shortage of concertina wire in Port au Prince
Dense housing in Port au Prince
Closer view of dense housing in Port au Prince