=== Discover the Muslim Heritage in our World === @ Experience a thousand years of missing history... @ Learn about a lost age of Muslim innovation and invention... @ Discover the Muslim origins of many Western discoveries... ... What do coffee beans, torpedoes, surgical scalpels, arches and observatories all have in common? Were Leonardo da Vinci’s flight ideas originals? Who devised the casing for pill capsules and where did Fibonacci learn to flex his mathematical fingers? ... --- A golden age of civilization, from 600 and 1600 CE, will unfold, because medieval Muslims were trailblazers in fields as diverse as medicine and mechanics, cartography and chemistry, education and engineering, architecture and astronomy. No area was too obscure to miss the scrutiny of enquiry backed up by rigid scientific experimentation... www.muslimheritage.com & www.1001inventions.com
Hindu-Arabic numerals :
Set of 10 symbols—1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0—that represent numbers in the decimal number system.
They originated in India in the 6th or 7th century and were introduced to Europe through Arab mathematicians around the 12th century (see al-Khwarizmi). They represented a profound break with previous methods of counting, such as the abacus, and paved the way for the development of algebra...
Remarks of Her Highness Sheikha Mozah Bint Nasser al Missned
“Kitab Al Hayawan” (Book of Animals) of which Mehemet Bayrakdar said: “The Kitab al-Hayawan” the object of many studies, and had great influence upon later Muslim scientists, and via them upon European thinkers (especially upon Lamarck and Darwin). And it became the source for later books on zoology. Al-Jahiz’s many sentences are quoted by Ikhwan al-Safa’ and Ibn Miskawayh, and many passages are quoted by Zakariyya’ al-Qazwini (1203-1282) in his ‘A/a’ ib al-Maklzluqat, and by Mustawfial-Qazwini (1281- ?) in his Nuzkat ai-Qulub; and al-Damiri in his Hayat al-Hayawan"8 and still continues to inspire the many scientist today … These books also revolutionised modern science in zoology, biology, evolutionary theories, medicine, veterinary, anatomy etc…
Text Source: http://www.salaam.co.uk/knowledge/al-jahiz.php
Image Source: 'Ubayd Allah Ibn Bukhtishu', Kitâb manâfî' al-hayawân
Jabir Ibn Hayyan - 15th-century European portrait of "Geber", Codici Ashburnhamiani 1166, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Florence...
Hevelius, 1647. Frontispiece. Note the Arabic garb of Galileo, who is set opposite Ibn Al-Haytham (Alhazen), the author of an important work in optics.
...Alhazen studied the refraction of light...
1572 Latin edition of 'Optics' by Alhazen
The Invention of the Hospital
A Credit to Islamic Medieval Medicine
by Ilene Springer
Washing and bathing are religious requirements for Muslims, which is perhaps why they perfected the recipe for soap which we still use today. The ancient Egyptians had soap of a kind, as did the Romans who used it more as a pomade. But it was the Arabs who combined vegetable oils with sodium hydroxide and aromatics such as thyme oil. One of the Crusaders' most striking characteristics, to Arab nostrils, was that they did not wash. Shampoo was introduced to England by a Muslim who opened Mahomed's Indian Vapour Baths on Brighton seafront in 1759 and was appointed Shampooing Surgeon to Kings George IV and William IV.
http://www.fathom.com/course/21701766/session5.html - http://www.indianmuslims.info/people/deen_mahomed_1759_1851_soldier_writer_businessman.html