:...Medieval Spanish Poetry...:
"Spanish lyric has been considered the oldest in Romance Europe, since the discovery of the kharjas. These were written in Mozarabic dialect -a variation of Romance, derived from Latin- with Hebrew or Arabic characters.
We have some unsigned works from the 10th century and others signed by identified authors. It is assumed that they were written during an earlier epoch - even before the Arab invasion - but the Andalusian muslims were able to understand them and mixed them with words from their own language. For this reason it proved difficult for the modern philologists to decipher them. In the Arab kharjas we find arabisms mixed perfectly intelligibly with Romance phrases. The kjarjas are the oldest lyrical poems of all Romance poetry."
Zoomorphic Calligraphy: "This new mode was not a matter of script metamorphosing into living forms which are also readable letters, but of using script to delineate such forms. Seldom had the flexibility of the Arabic alphabet been so tested.
This practice established itself only relatively late in Islamic art, when the taboos outlawing religious iconography had lost some of their power.
[Zoomorphic calligraphy] developed [..] in Ottoman Turkey, India and Qajar Iran [and] was known as early as 1458."
...Ancient Islamic (Ummayad) Lamp from Jordan. This lamp is from about 650AD...
What good is a fez?...
-_ Jack Hill (St Albans, England): "It keeps the head warm. It hides a bald patch. It raises the height of the wearer. It allows one to have a tassel to flaunt. It acts as a base frame for a turban. It finds a use for felt and colour dyes. It usually indicates that you are a Muslim male. Enough reasons?"
-_ Luke Martin (Sydney, Australia):
"What good is any hat?" Good heavens, man! You obviously don't encounter many summer days in the high nineties and low one hundreds. When you have a bald spot the size of mine, you need something to protect you from the blistering sun! Hats are also good for keeping one's bald spot dry in the rain. And you can look stylish at the same time!
Alasdair Patrick, Lake Forest, California, U.S.A.
.-= THE KEEPER The Legend of Omar Khayyám =-.
The Art of the Arabic Book (L'art du Livre Arabe) : "A wonderful BNF exhibition exploring every conceivable aspect of bookmaking in the medieval Arab/Muslim world, from alphabet to physical material to stylistic conventions. Beautiful and informative, but available only in French."...
The Flutter Of Wings In Ottoman Miniatures:...
Besides offering a visual feast, the bird stories found in Ottoman illuminated manuscripts also attest to the Turks’ great love for the feathered species.
2 Ottoman Army Units Secured Peace in Jerusalem, 19th Cc. ...
Einstein's Unfinished Symphony
"I am not interested in this phenomenon or that phenomenon," Einstein had said earlier in his life. "I want to know God's thoughts – the rest are mere details."
--- How Islam has kept us out of the 'Dark Ages' ---
We in the West know what the Ancient Greeks, Egyptians and Babylonians have done for us in terms of scientific discovery. Most of us have at least heard of Socrates, Ptolemy, Galen and Pythagoras and of their contributions to philosophy, astronomy, physics and mathematics. But how many of us have heard of Al-Kindi, Ibn Sina, Al-Razi, Ibn Al-Shatir, Ibn Al-Haytham or Al-Tusi? They are all Muslim scientists who made equally great contributions to science, between the 7th and 15th centuries – during the era known as the Dark Ages. Until recently, the era has been glossed over by historians who happily leapt from the fall of the Roman Empire straight to the Renaissance. But it's time for the West to recognize its debt to those Islamic scientists of the past, who forged ahead while Europe stagnated.
My choice of Muhammad to lead the list of the world's most influential persons may surprise some readers and may be questioned by others, but he was the only man in history who was supremely successful on both the religious and secular levels. Of humble origins, Muhammad founded and promulgated one of the world's great religions, and became an immensely effective political leader.
by Annemarie Schimmel
... "A good word is like a good tree." Thus says the Quran, and in most religions the word is regarded as the creative power; it is the carrier of revelation: God's word incarnate in Christianity, or His word inlibrate in Islam. The word is a good entrusted to man, which he should preserve and which he must not weaken, falsify, or kill by talking too much. For it has a power of its own which we cannot gauge, it is this power of the word upon which rests the extraordinary responsibility of the poet and even more of the translator who by a single wrong nuance can cause dangerous misunderstandings...
...Mughal Miniature Painting - An Alternative Source of History
The rise of scientific Europe 1500–1800 - One of the most remarkable features of modern European history is the gradual emergence of that theoretical reasoning and experimental practice focused on the natural world that today we call science. In this unit we throw light on that eventual emergence of modern science in Europe by examining its beginnings in Greece and making comparisons with the early achievements of Chinese and Islamic science.http://openlearn.open.ac.uk/file.php/2365/formats/print.htm - (Ignore the print window) - http://openlearn.open.ac.uk/course/view.php?id=2365