Kutná Hora, Central Bohemia, Czech Republic
Kutná Hora is located in Central Bohemia, about 70 km east of Prague.
The town began in 1142 with the settlement of the first Cistercian Monastery in Bohemia, Kloster Sedlitz. By 1260, German miners began to mine for silver in the mountain region, which they named Kuttenberg, and which was part of the monastery property.
The earliest traces of silver have been found dating back to the 10th century, when Bohemia already had been in the crossroads of long-distance trade for many centuries. Silver dinars have been discovered belonging to the period between 982-995 in the settlement of Malín, which is now a part of Kutná Hora. The territory greatly advanced due to the silver mines which gained importance during the economic boom of the 13th century.
From the 13th to 16th centuries the city competed with Prague economically, culturally and politically. Since 1995, the city center has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Jun 27, 2010