Mediterranean 2011 - Nafplio, Greece
Nafplio was the 1st capital of modern Greece, from the start of the Greek Revolution in 1821 to 1834 - due to its strong fortifications. The castle of Bourtzi, in the harbor of Nafplio, was built by the Venetians in 1473 to protect the city from pirates. In 1864, it became the residence of the executioners of convicts. Since 1970 it has served as a tourist attraction. Nearby is the town of Epidaurus which includes the asclepieion (Sanctuary of Asklepios), named for the god of medicine - one of the best known healing centers in Classical Greece. Also in Epidaurus is an ancient theater from the 4th century BCE. The acoustics in the theater are so good that each of the 15k spectators can hear the whispered words of a person on stage. Mycenae is also nearby. In the second millennium BCE, Mycenae was a major center of Greek civilization and a military stronghold. Of particular interest in Mycenae is the palace of Agammemnon, who is well known today because of his role in Homer's The Illiad.
Sep 3, 2011