The Inca "laboratory" ruins at Moray, where seeds adapted to grow at gradually higher elevations.
Water channel used for irrigation at Moray.
Ruins of Ollantaytambo
Ruins at Piskakucho
The sun temple at Llaqtapata
Wall at Llaqtapata
Horses grazing on the terraces of Llaqtapata
The terraces of Qoriwayrachina
Steps to the next terrace above at Qoriwayrachina
Trekkers on the Royal Inca trail take a lunch break at Qoriwayrachina
Side trip to Choquesuysuy
Choquesuysuy structure. We were warned to beware of snakes!
The Choquesuysuy ruins sit close to the Urubamba River
Fortunatlely, the compact Chachabamba ruins were just missed by the landslide above
Almost sunset at Chachabamba, a sweet little ruin just around the corner from our km 104 campsite.
Chachabamba was a special experience because I had it all to myself.
Golden light of a setting sun at Chachabamba.
Chachabamba at sunset
Approaching the ruins of Winyawayna (which means "forever young")
Exploring the Winyawayna ruins.
Winyawayna window overlooking the waterfall we passed before the final climb
Winyawayna as the sun begins to warm away the morning mist
The Winyawayna sun temple overlooks the terraces and farmer homes
We trekked up to Winyawayna from the canyon below left.
Winyawayna ruins and waterfall (favorite shot from my 2008 trip)
This temple at the Sun Gate perches on a ridge that provides our first views of Machu Picchu below.
The Inca trail leading from the Sun Gate to Machu Picchu
The prize of Machu Picchu awaits our arrival
Cloudy sunrise at Machu Picchu
Intiwatana, the hitching post of the sun, is the small pillar in the center of this hilltop temple
A housing development at Machu Picchu -- notice the sizes of stones incorporated into the foundation walls!
Magical Machu Picchu
Peeking inside the Sun Temple at Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu on a misty morning
We are looking at the emperor Inca's bedroom in Machu Picchu.
Imperial Incan masonry -- it doesn't get more precise than this temple wall at Machu Picchu!
The trapezoidal niches and carved steps were used for ceremonial rituals in the Machu Picchu Sun Temple.
When the sun fell through the window onto an alignment slot here, the Incas knew the winter solstice had arrived.
Incan building engineers frequently took advantage of existing stone masses
A window into time at Machu Picchu
The four points of the compass were accurately carved next to the hitching post of the sun
Machu Picchu is difficult to capture in a single photograph
The Machu Picchu gardens
This water temple is located above the town of Cusco, in sight of two other ruins that served as lookout points.
The faint path on top of the wall beyond this bridge at Cusco's water temple is the start of the Inca trail to Machu Picchu.
This fortress known as Saqsayhuaman guarded the city of Cusco, "the navel of the world" to the Incas.
The 3-level, zigzag configuration made Saqsayhuaman easy to defend with just a few warriors at each point.
Santiago admires the ruins of Chinchero